Open and Transparent science

Open source

All Orvium source code will be published under an open source license, but the commitment to openness and transparency extends much further. Every single action, task, and transaction in the system (e.g., submissions of manuscripts, revisions, publications, peer reviews, citations checks, author acceptances) will be accessible to anyone. This is supported using blockchain and smart contract technologies at the core of the system.

FAIR Principles

FAIR Principles definition as referenced from: Wilkinson, M. D. et al. The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Sci. Data 3:160018 doi: 10.1038/sdata.2016.18 (2016).

To be Findable:

  • F1: (meta)data are assigned a globally unique and persistent identifier
    • A DOI is issued to every published record on Orvium.
  • F2: data are described with rich metadata (defined by R1 below)
    • Orvium's metadata is compliant with DataCite's Metadata Schema minimum and recommended terms, with a few additional enrichments.
  • F3: metadata clearly and explicitly include the identifier of the data it describes
    • The DOI is a top-level and a mandatory field in the metadata of each record.
  • F4: (meta)data are registered or indexed in a searchable resource
    • Metadata of each record is indexed and searchable directly in Orvium's search engine immediately after publishing.
    • Metadata of each record is sent to DataCite servers during DOI registration and indexed there.

To be Accessible:

  • A1: (meta)data are retrievable by their identifier using a standardized communications protocol
    • Metadata for individual records as well as record collections are harvestable using the OAI-PMH protocol by the record identifier and the collection name.
    • Metadata is also retrievable through the public REST API.
  • A1.1: the protocol is open, free, and universally implementable
    • See point A1. OAI-PMH and REST are open, free and universal protocols for information retrieval on the web.
  • A1.2: the protocol allows for an authentication and authorization procedure, where necessary
    • Metadata are publicly accessible and licensed under public domain. No authorization is ever necessary to retrieve it.
  • A2: metadata are accessible, even when the data are no longer available
    • Data and metadata will be retained for the lifetime of the repository.
    • Metadata are stored in high-availability database servers.

To be Interoperable:

  • I1: (meta)data use a formal, accessible, shared, and broadly applicable language for knowledge representation.
  • I2: (meta)data use vocabularies that follow FAIR principles
  • I3: (meta)data include qualified references to other (meta)data
    • Each referenced external piece of metadata is qualified by a resolvable URL.

To be Reusable:

  • R1: (meta)data are richly described with a plurality of accurate and relevant attributes
    • Each record contains a minimum of DataCite's mandatory terms, with optionally additional DataCite recommended terms and Orvium's enrichments.
  • R1.1: (meta)data are released with a clear and accessible data usage license
    • License is one of the mandatory terms in Orvium's metadata, and is referring to a Open Definition license.
    • Data downloaded by the users is subject to the license specified in the metadata by the uploader.
  • R1.2: (meta)data are associated with detailed provenance
    • All data and metadata uploaded is traceable to a registered Orvium user.
    • Metadata can optionally describe the original authors of the published work.
  • R1.3: (meta)data meet domain-relevant community standards
    • Orvium is not a domain-specific repository, yet through compliance with DataCite's Metadata Schema, metadata meets one of the broadest cross-domain standards available.